What is Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Extract?

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What is Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Extract?

There’s been a lot of buzz and confusion lately about hemp, hemp plant products and hemp oil extracts, including CBD oil (cannabidiol oil), given changing laws surrounding the production and research of hemp for nutritional and wellness uses.[1] Hemp has been around for centuries and cultivated for its many uses in textiles, whole food products, and health and wellness products.[2] More recently, full-spectrum hemp oil extract has become more readily available to those seeking products derived from Mother Nature that support digestion, sleep, stress reduction and overall wellbeing.

What is Hemp? Infographic

So, is hemp oil or CBD oil right for you? We’ve pulled together a list of common questions surrounding hemp extract, hemp oil benefits, CBD and THC, and why people may choose CBD oil to support overall wellbeing to help you learn more about hemp oil.

What is Hemp and Full Spectrum Hemp Extract Oil?

Hemp and hemp oils, sometimes referred to as CBD hemp oil, have been used for centuries as resources for paper, textiles, biofuels and more. They’ve also been used holistically in balms, lotions, tinctures and extracts.[2] Sometimes, the confusion about if hemp is marijuana comes from the fact that hemp, also known as industrial hemp, is a variety of the cannabis plant. Many people wonder, “Is hemp marijuana?” Well, hemp plants have a very important distinction—industrial hemp plants are the non-psychoactive (not hallucinogenic) varieties of Cannabis sativa L. with undetectable levels of THC. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the principal psychoactive constituent of cannabis. So, in short; no, industrial hemp products do not produce the psychoactive effects in the body that result from the use of THC containing cannabis (marijuana).[3]

Hemp is a renewable resource, and its seeds, flowers and stalks are used in thousands of health foods, body care and wellness products. It is also an attractive crop for farmers as hemp plants absorb CO2, help detoxify the soil, prevent soil erosion, do not require pesticides, and use less water than traditional crops. Many people refer to hemp as a more environmentally-friendly, renewable resource.

Hemp is also a whole food resource for full-spectrum plant-based nutrition. Hemp plants contain fibre, protein and omega essential fatty acids (i.e., linoleic and linolenic acids). Phytonutrients and phytocompounds are also found in hemp plants, which can aid body wellbeing.[4] These include chlorophyll, flavonoids and terpenes.[5] The terpene β-caryophyllene is an FDA-approved food additive that can activate the endocannabinoid system and has been linked to improved metabolic function by increasing mitochondrial function, supporting the nervous system by increasing antioxidant levels and supporting cellular health, and aiding mood and energy by upregulating natural endorphins.[6],[7] With its whole-body wellbeing benefits, full-spectrum hemp (cannabidiol) oil offers people an alternative to synthetically-sourced products and pharmaceuticals.

How Does Hemp Benefit the Body?

What are CBD oil benefits? All varieties of Cannabis sativa L. (more than 60+) interact with a network of neurons in our body called the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system is highly receptive to full-spectrum hemp oil extract (sometimes referred to as CBD); and when CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system, it stimulates many functions in the body that help support digestive health, sleep, stress reduction and overall wellbeing.[8],[9],[10]

Also, hemp oil extract contains heart-healthy, brain-boosting omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids for everyday wellness and vitality. When used topically as a skincare lotion, cream or tincture, full-spectrum hemp oil may improve the appearance of wrinkles and skin health concerns caused by ageing and exposure to damaging free radicals since it contains these healthy essential fatty acids.[4],[5]

hemp health

A Closer Look at the Endocannabinoid System

What is the endocannabinoid system? The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a receptor system in our body that is integral to our wellbeing. The ECS acts as an intermediary, working to regulate the communication between cells in our central nervous system and immune system. Research has shown that chemicals produced in our brain influence important physiological responses and body functions, including healthy ECS function. Sometimes the ECS is referred to as the “Central Control Panel,” and the phytocompounds, phytonutrients, and essential fatty acids in full-spectrum hemp (cannabidiol) oil, can help support a healthy ECS and overall daily function in a more naturally-derived way (sourced from nutritional industrial hemp).[9],[11],[10],[12]

What is the Full Spectrum Hemp (Cannabidiol) Oil Dosage?

According to WebMD, cannabidiol is most likely safe when taken by mouth appropriately in adults: “Cannabidiol doses of up to 300 mg daily have been used safely for up to 6 months. Higher doses of 1200-1500 mg daily have been used safely for up to 4 weeks.” 3 Cannabidiol sprays used under the tongue are usually in doses of 2.5 mg for around 2 weeks.[3] We recommend you consult your doctor if you have a specific condition and dosage concerns.

More On What CBD Means

So, what does CBD mean? CBD is the abbreviation for cannabidiol, one of at least 85 cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, and is the second most prevalent cannabinoid after THC. Research has shown that CBD produces a physical effect without the psychoactive effects (the high) associated with THC. CBD extracted from industrial hemp is non-psychoactive (not hallucinogenic) with undetectable levels of THC. CBD oil benefits include support for digestive health, sleep, stress reduction and overall wellbeing.[8],[9],[10]

More On What THC Means

What is THC? The differences between THC and CBD can be confusing. THC is an abbreviation for tetrahydrocannabinol. THC is the most abundantly available cannabinoid in cannabis plants and is also the component in cannabis that is responsible for the psychoactive effects or high. In CBD oil extract from industrial hemp, THC levels are undetectable since industrial hemp plants are the non-psychoactive (not hallucinogenic) varieties of Cannabis sativa L. Therefore, CDB oil does not stimulate a psychoactive effect, high or euphoria.

Isn’t Hemp Illegal?

In the U.S., the Agricultural Act of 2014 (2014 Farm Act) allowed for a provision to cultivate and grow industrial hemp (access the full 2014 Farm Act here). This allowed the source of cannabidiol (sometimes referred to as CBD) to have a U.S. grown source and paved the way for research into CBD oil and the U.S. cannabidiol market to develop. Today, this hemp oil market consists of seed, fibre and cannabidiol extracts (CBD oil extracts) or isolates from legalised industrial hemp production.

Legalised industrial hemp production requires that the hemp crop is registered by a state agriculture agency or be a subject of study by a university—legalized industrial hemp must contain undetectable amounts of THC (less than 0.0001% or undetectable levels of THC). This means cannabidiol, industrial full-spectrum hemp oil, won’t get you high—it’s not psychoactive, not hallucinogenic and won’t produce any euphoric sensations. Rigorous production oversight and testing, including third-party testing, ensures that the hemp oil meets legalized industrial hemp standards and production guidelines.

A common analogy used to explain the difference between hemp plants and THC-containing plants is to think about the hemp as a grape without the fermentation process. For example, it’s like choosing a resveratrol supplement versus having a glass of red wine.

What is the Difference Between Hemp Seed Oil and Full Spectrum Hemp Oil?

In the same way that grape seeds are separate from grapes and grape seed oil is pressed from grape seeds, hemp seed oil comes only from the seed of the hemp. The hemp seeds are pressed to produce hemp seed oil. Hemp seeds do not contain significant amounts of cannabinoids like cannabidiol; therefore, they do have the same effect on the body’s endocannabinoid system. Full spectrum hemp oil is derived from whole parts of the plant (bud, leaves, stalk, etc.), which contain cannabidiol—the non-psychoactive (not hallucinogenic) cannabinoid that can enhance the body’s endocannabinoid system function and support total-body wellness.

hemp health

Can I Give Hemp Oil or CBD Oil to My Pet?

We recommend you always check with your vet before you consider if your pet could benefit from hemp oil or any dietary supplement.

At Swanson, we’re committed to bringing you the latest in high quality, science-backed health and wellness products so you can support your overall wellbeing every day. Do you have a favourite full-spectrum hemp oil extract product? Please share in the comments.

See Also for Hemp Seed Oil

Montserrat-de la Paz S, Marín-Aguilar F, García-Giménez MD, Fernández-Arche MA. Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) seed oil: analytical and phytochemical characterization of the unsaponifiable fraction. J Agric Food Chem. 2014 Feb 5;62(5):1105-10. doi: 10.1021/jf404278q. Epub 2014 Jan 23. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24422510 (Accessed 5/22/2018)

*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

Footnotes & References

  1. Cannabidiol Now Showing Up In Dietary Supplements. Natural Medicines Web site.. (Accessed 5/22/2018) []  
  2. Brand EJ, Zhao Z. Cannabis in Chinese Medicine: Are Some Traditional Indications Referenced in Ancient Literature Related to Cannabinoids? Frontiers in Pharmacology 2017. (Accessed 5/22/2018) []  []  
  3. Cannabidiol. WebMD. (Accessed 5/22/18) []  []  
  4. Pavlovic R, Nenna G, Calvi L, Panseri S, Borgonovo G, Giupponi L, Cannazza G, Giorgi A. Quality Traits of “Cannabidiol Oils”: Cannabinoids Content, Terpene Fingerprint and Oxidation Stability of European Commercially Available Preparations. Molecules. 2018 May 20;23(5). pii: E1230. doi: 10.3390/molecules23051230 (Accessed 5/22/2018) []  []  
  5. Citti C, Pacchetti B, Vandelli MA, Forni F, Cannazza G. Analysis of cannabinoids in commercial hemp seed oil and decarboxylation kinetics studies of cannabidiolic acid (CBDA). J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2018 Feb 5;149:532-540. doi: 10.1016/j.jpba.2017.11.044. Epub 2017 Nov 20. (Accessed 5/22/2018) []  []  
  6. Caryophyllene. PubChem. U.S. National Library of Medicine. National Center for Biotechnology Information. (Accessed 5/22/2018) []  
  7. Jürg Gertsch, Marco Leonti, Stefan Raduner, Ildiko Racz, Jian-Zhong Chen, Xiang-Qun Xie, Karl-Heinz Altmann, Meliha Karsak, and Andreas Zimmer. Beta-caryophyllene is a dietary cannabinoid. Published online 2008 Jun 23. (Accessed 5/22/2018) []  
  8. Booz GW. Cannabidiol as an emergent therapeutic strategy for lessening the impact of inflammation on oxidative stress. Free Radic Biol Med 2011;51(5):1054-61. (Accessed 5/22/18) []  []  
  9. Izzo AA, Borelli F, Capasso R, et al. Non-psychotropic plant cannabinoids: new therapeutic opportunities from an ancient herb. Trends Pharmacol Sci 2009;30(10):515-27. (Accessed 5/22/18) []  []  []  
  10. Bergamaschi, MM, et. al. Cannabidiol reduces the anxiety induced by simulated public speaking in treatment-naïve social phobia patients. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2011; 36:1219-1226. (Accessed 5/22/2018) []  []  []  
  11. Pacher P, Bátkai S, Kunos G: The endocannabinoid system as an emerging target of pharmacotherapy. Pharmacol Rev 58 (3): 389-462, 2006. (Accessed 5/22/18) []  
  12. Dyall, SC, et. al. Distinctive effects of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids in regulating neural stem cell fate are mediated via endocannabinoid signaling pathways. Neuropharmacology. 2016 Aug;107:387-395. (Accessed 5/22/2018) []  

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